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What Is a Heat Pump Condenser?

Heat Pump

Understanding Heat Pump Condensers

Despite the name, a heat pump is an HVAC system component that can heat and cool the inside of your home. These systems help homeowners in mild climates avoid installing a furnace and an air conditioner.

Heat pumps work by pulling heat from the air outside. During the colder months, they extract warm air from the cool air and transfer it indoors after heating it. Conversely, during the warmer months, the heat from the outside air undergoes a cooling process before being funneled into your home. Heat pumps are environment-friendly, unlike furnaces that burn fossil fuel.

A condenser is an essential part of a heat pump. The condenser is also referred to as an “outdoor coil.” Along with the evaporator, it is made of copper condenser pipes and aluminum fins. The condenser is where the heat exchange takes place.

How Does the Heat Pump Condenser Work?

First off, there is a liquid called the refrigerant that flows through the condenser system. During cooling mode, as heat is absorbed from the outside, surrounding air, condensation occurs as the refrigerant changes from a gas to a liquid, giving off cool air.

During the heating mode, the opposite is true. Thanks to the reversing valve, the refrigerant changes direction. As the condenser coil pulls heat from the air, it changes from liquid to gas, which provides heated air.

Benefits of Heat Pump Condensers

There are many advantages of a heat pump condenser. When your heat pump condenser is faultless and working at its best, you can expect the following:

  • Better overall performance of the heat pump
  • Longer lifespan of the condenser and the entire heat pump system
  • Improved air quality within your home
  • Better energy efficiency

Where To Place the Condenser Unit

If you want your condenser unit to work well and for an extended period, we strongly advise placing it outside, where there is a lot of fresh air. Ample air supply and general airflow ensure the condenser’s high efficiency.

Another good tip is placing your heat pump condenser away from direct exposure to the sun. If it is situated in direct sunlight, the excessive heat might subject it to damage. In addition, avoid placing your heat pump condenser under a tree due to falling leaves potentially clogging the unit.

Heat Condenser Problems and Their Solutions

Like all high-functioning electrical appliances, heat pump condensers are susceptible to several issues. However, they all have easy solutions. Here are a few common problems that heat condensers face.

  • Overheating
    If you notice an overheating problem, it is often caused by poor heat pump placement. For example, heat pump condensers placed under direct sunlight are susceptible to overheating. The heat pump could also have faulty sensors. You could move the pump yourself if it is in the wrong place, but contact a professional for help if the problem is more technical.
  • Defective fan motor
    Fan motor failure could be due to excessive dirt or debris. Dirt and debris can also cause overheating, giving you two problems simultaneously. Contact our technicians to take a professional look at the fan and determine if it needs a replacement. In addition, electricity protection should be considered to curb an overheating problem.
  • Energy deficiency
    It’s common maintenance practice to have your heat pump cleaned by a professional two or three times per year. This clears the buildup that collects on the coils. Not remembering to do so could decrease your heat pump’s energy efficiency. Your unit could consume up to 60% more energy and give off almost 40% less heat!

Initial Steps To Correct a Failing Condenser

Here is an example of the step-by-step maintenance routine our technicians follow when a heat pump condenser appears to be failing:

  • Switch off the power.
  • Carefully clean the condenser area.
  • Remove the outer piece.
  • Unscrew the top grille.
  • Spray the condenser with a garden hose.
  • Assemble the elements as they were.
  • Turn the power back on.

If these steps don’t correct the problem, our experienced technicians will investigate to determine the cause of the malfunction.

Texas Air Authorities and Heat Pumps

Located in Arlington, Texas, air authorities are the people you should contact for all your HVAC needs, including installing, repairing, and maintaining heat pumps. We also offer ductwork, air purification, ventilation, and humidifying/dehumidifying services. Contact Texas Air Authorities to schedule an appointment, request a quote, or ask questions about your HVAC system.

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